Festivals of India | Indian National Festivals | Religious Festivals.
India is the country of festivals as here is the culture of celebrating festivals and all the occasions together even with disputes between the people. Indian Festivals are ways to create love and relatedness between people and creates a strong feeling of unity within the country.
The season of festivals is always there in the country and this brings a newness among the relations of all the Indians. As India is a country of Unity and Diversity along each other therefore our festivals are also different to each other but Indians celebrate them as their own family functions.
Here described are some festivals of India that not only show the Cultural Diversity of India | Indian Unity and Diversity.
Here is the list of Religious Festivals | National Festivals of India:
|January||Republic day of India.|
Carnival in Goa
|June||Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra|
Festivals in January:
- Republic Day of India:
Republic day of India is the national festival of India and is very popular among the citizens of India. It is celebrated on 26th January every year with great enthusiasm and patriotism. This day is celebrated on account of the implementation of the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India was implemented on 26 January 1950. On this day, India has the tradition of inviting a Special Guest from any of the countries. On the Republic day 2020, Jair Bolsonaro, the President of Brazil was the Chief Guest on the 71st Republic Day of India.
Lohri is celebrated every year on 13 January in Punjab. This day is celebrated by the Hindus and Sikhs of Punjab region and on account of Harvesting of Rabi Crops by farmers in Punjab. This festival shows the end of the winter season. Lohri is celebrated by lighting a bonfire and all the people get ready in traditional attire and worship the Lohdi Goddess. The first lohri of newly married bride and newly born baby is termed as the most auspicious for them.
- Makar Sankranti:
Makar Sankranti is celebrated every year on 14th of January. This festival is celebrated as the ending of the winter season and the starting of the new season for harvesting crops. This festival has different ways of celebration in different parts of the country. People also celebrate this festival by flying kites with their loved ones. This is also known as Uttarayan in most of the parts of India.
On the same day as Makar Sankranti is celebrated, Pongal is also celebrated in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. This day is also celebrated to worship “The Sun God”. The major attraction of this festival is the Sweet Dish prepared on this day which is made up of Rice, Milk and Jaggery. This dish is prepared by boiling rice in milk and adding jaggery to it for a sweet taste. The people of Tamil Nadu first offer it to their God and Goddesses and share it with their family members.
- Vasant Panchmi:
The festival of Vasant Panchmi is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Saraswati. This day is most popular among students and people who are related to the field of Studies. This festival marks the beginning of the spring season in the country. On this day, the worship of Goddess Saraswati symbolizes the energy and respect to the goddess of knowledge.
Festivals in February:
Mahashivratri is celebrated in honour of the Lord Shiva. There are various Shivratri’s falls in every month of the year but this Mahashivratri is considered as the main among all the 12 Shivratri. On this day, the devotees of Lord Shiva lit lamps in various temples of lord shiva and worship the almighty. On the festival of Mahashivratri this is considered that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati got married and because of this the occasion of Mahashivratri is having a special significance among the devotees of Lord Shiva.
- Carnival in Goa:
The Carnival in Goa is most popular among the people all over the world. This great festival is specialized for mouth watering food, a full-on enjoyment and a greater nightlife at the beaches of Goa. This carnival is organized every year and is organized in the memory of a 450 year presence of the Portuguese in Goa. At this time hotels, restaurants and bars put their full efforts to make you happy with their best cuisine.
Festivals in March:
Holi is the favourite festival for all in India. This festival is celebrated in the Month of March. There is a two day festival which consists of Holika Dahan on the first day and Dhulendi which is celebrated on the next day.
The festival of Holi is famous in the holy city of Uttar Pradesh and the Birth Place of Lord Krishna- “Mathura”.
The celebration of Holi in Mathura is the major attraction for all. In Mathura, the celebration is started more than a week before the Holi.
The Festival of Holi is divided into various programmes in Mathura as under:
- Laddu-Maar Holi in Barsana.
- Lathmar Holi in Barsana.
- Lathmar Holi in Nandgaon.
- Holi at Banke Bihari Temple, Vrindavan.
- Holi at Gokul.
- Holi at Dwarkadeeish Temple, Mathura.
- Holika Dahan in Braj.
- Dhulendi in Braj.
- Holi in Baldev.
- Mewar festival, Udaipur:
Mewar festival is celebrated with great zeal & enthusiasm in Udaipur, Rajasthan.
On this day, married women pray for the good health and good relationship with their partner and also pray for unmarried people to get the ideal match for themselves. On this festival, the men and women get ready in colorful dresses and various places in udaipur are decorated with beautiful designs of rangoli and make the full city colorful.
Festivals in April:
Baisakhi is the festival of Sikhs all over the world. It is also called the New Year of the Sikhs. On this day they wear their traditional dresses and celebrate the New Year with full energy and love. On this great day, farmers thank God for good crops and also pray for a blessed life.
In Morning, the prayers in the Gurudwaras took place by the Sikhs and the celebration took place at night. Various dance and music performances are also done on this occasion. The famous dance form of Panjabi’s- Bhangra and Gidda is also performed on this day.
Bihu belongs to Assam. In Assam, Bihu is celebrated three times in a year. In the month of April the Rongali Bihu is celebrated as the same as Baisakhi in Punjab. On this day the farmers thank god for their good crops and also pray for the better crops throughout the year. This is also considered as the New year and celebrates this occasion with family, friends and offers flowers to each other as their wishes. Many music and dance programmes are also performed on this day.
- Mahavir Jayanti:
This festival is celebrated among all the Jain’s all over the world. This day is celebrated on account of the Birth Anniversary of the God of Jain Community- Lord Mahavira. This is celebrated all over India. This day is celebrated with a Rath Yatra of Lord Mahavira and is also meant for helping the needy by providing food and other necessary items.
On this great day, the temples of the Jains are decorated with flags and other items.
Festivals in May:
- Buddha Jayanti / Buddha Purnima:
Buddha Jayanti is the festival of Buddhists. This day is celebrated as the Birth Anniversary of Prince Siddhartha Gautama who was the founder of the Buddhism Religion.On this day, Buddhists visit their holy places and worship their God and they wear white attire on this occasion.
5 Precepts /उपदेश of Lord Buddha:
- Not to kill any living being.
- Not to steal anything from anyone.
- Not to have too much sensual pleasure.
- Not to Lie.
- Not to drink intoxicants.
Festivals in June:
- Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra:
This is the festival celebrated in Odisha in the city of Puri. Jagannath Rath Yatra is one of the biggest religious festivals in India. There are many Beliefs of people regarding this festival. In this Festival, a big rath is pulled by various people in which there is three (3) Chariot (Rath) are there which are of Lord Krishna(Jagannath), Lord Balabhadra (Lord Krishna’s Elder Brother) and Goddess Subhadra (Sister of Lord Krishna).
India is the festival of festivals. You have read about various festivals of India which occurs in the first half of the year. In the next article, we will provide you with other festivals from the year.